Session 1: ECOSYSTEMS, POND AND STREAM ECOLOGY

Topics: Life Zones (plains, foothills, montane, sub-alpine, alpine); ecosystems (ponderosa pine, Douglas fir, mountain shrublands, pinyon-juniper); energy movement through producers and primary and secondary consumers (trophic levels); flora and fauna of these ecosystems; physical and chemical properties of soil; target heart rate and need for cardio-vascular exercise for personal health; calculating target heart rate. Water pollution; erosion; basic ecology of riparian ecosystems; aquatic animals; pH, turbidity, coliform and other indicators of water quality.insect

Skills: Understand basic ecological concepts of ecosystems, life zones, food chains and webs; understanding how energy moves through ecosystems; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion;compute heart rate; understand concept of target heart rate, role of cardio-vascular exercise in maintaining health; lifelong health activities. Proper use of water–quality measuring instruments and materials; identification of common aquatic animals; understanding of basic water quality measurements; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion.

State Standards: Life Science 1.0A 2.0C, Earth Science 1.0 A, 1.0B, Writing and Composition 1.0A, Physical and Personal Wellness 1.0A, 1.0C

tree

Session 2: GEOLOGY / SOIL AND TREES

Topics: Concept of geological time; chronology of major events in world history; history of  Pueblo Mountain Park; landforms; erosion; sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks; microbes; physical and chemical properties of soil; decomposition; cycles (i.e. water, carbon, oxygen). Basic tree biology; identification techniques for local coniferous trees; coniferous and deciduous trees; techniques for aging old and young trees; parts of a tree (including tree cross section); trees as biotic components of Foothills ecosystems; chronology of historical events relative to tree age.

Skills: Identifying different kinds of rocks; understanding the role of erosion in the creation and evolution of landforms; understanding the concept of cycles and decomposition; proper use of tools, reagents and color charts in soil investigations; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion.Identify coniferous and deciduous trees; understand biology of coniferous and deciduous trees; mental mathematical computations; improved observation of details; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion; lifelong health activities.

State Standards: Physical Science 1.0A, Life Science 1.0A, 1.0C, Earth Systems 1.0A 2.0A, 2.0B, Writing and Composition 1.0B, Research and Reasoning 2.0A, Invent and Discover to Create 3.0E, Number Sense, Properties and Operations 1.0C, 2.0A.

Session 3: MAMMALS AND TRACKING

Topics: Role of certain mammals in ecosystems; basic mammal biology; habitat needs of mammals; hibernation and dormancy; local mammals; skulls and teeth of carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores; food chains and webs; predator/prey relationships; review and expand on knowledge of ecosystems of foothills life zone.  Basic tracking techniques, including track patterns, gaits, foot structure of specific animals; field observations of animal sign; more detailed look at mammal biology, including the role of local mammals in ecosystems of foothills life zone; life patterns of local mammals; dietary needs of specific animals; review and expand on knowledge tracksof ecosystems of foothills life zone; snowshoeing (weather permitting).

Skills: Understand basic mammal biology; increase knowledge of specific mammals common to area, conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion; lifelong health activities. Improved observation skills through animal tracking techniques; application of animal tracking techniques; basics snowshoeing techniques; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing and group presentations, drawing and discussion; lifelong health activities.

State Standards: Life Science 1.0A, 1.0C, Oral Expression and Listening 1.0A, Writing and Composition 2.0A, 2.0B.

bird

Session 5: WILDFLOWERS AND BIRDS

Topics: Parts of a flower (stamens, pistil, etc.); perennial, biennial and annual plants; basic flowering plant biology; pollination; seed dispersal; role of insects in ecosystems and pollination; decomposition; microbes.Role of certain birds in local ecosystems; basic bird biology; habitat needs of certain local birds; migration patterns and routes through North, Central and South America; birdwatching techniques; biology of raptors of area, including role of raptors in ecosystems.

Skills: Proper use of magnifiers in botanical and entomological observations; identification of common local flowering plants and shrubs; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion. Further understanding of ecosystems; proper use of binoculars; birdwatching techniques, appropriate behavior when observing animals; conducting, recording and organizing observations; reading for more information; communicating information through writing, drawing and discussion; lifelong health activities.

State Standards: Life Science 1.0A, 1.0C, Writing and Composition 1.0A, Invent and Discover to Create 3.0E
State Standards that are covered during every Session: Physical and Personal Wellness in Physical Education 1.0E, 5.0C, Prevention and Risk
Management in Health 2.0C, 3.0A, 3.0D
mnt